The painter, sculptor and collage artist Max Ernst, born as a German in the Rhineland, naturalised as an American citizen in 1948, and as a French citizen ten years later. As a painter, Max Ernst is an autodidact. He studied philosophy, psychology and history of art before beginning to paint professionally and becoming one of the most important artists of Surrealism and Dadaism. Through his revolutionary ideas and extraordinary ways of working, Max Ernst renewed painting in the 20th century. His sponsor and third wife Peggy Guggenheim helped him realise his visions. The list of international honours is long. The Venice Biennale, the Guggenheim Museum and four appearances at the documenta are part of the highlights of his artistic craft.
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